{"API Evangelist"}

Connecting My API Logging With My API DNS Using CloudFlare Page Rules API

As I'm spending time learning more about what my DNS provider CloudFlare offers when it comes to securing my APIs. To facilitate this, I am playing around with how I can utilize my Apache log files, to help me better drive the definition of DNS security using the CloudfFare API. I guess this is kind of a real time reactive, but also hopefully eventually a proactive solution to quantifying and defining the frontline of my API operations.

I originally embarked on this endeavor to help me manage some of the shift in the API Evangelist network and help mitigate 404 errors across my network of API research. I had recently migrated what I call my API Stack research to a new domain (stack.network), and I am anticipating quite a few broken links in stories over the years that reference this area of my work. I have been trying to attack this from the content level by rewriting links as I find them, but I'm thinking I could automate this using my Apache log files and setting up PageRules using CloudFlareAPIs as well.

Once I started sifting through the Apache log files I began to see other traffic patterns that were more in the area of security, then with the stability of my platform and its linkages. As with any type of log file, it is taking some time for all of this to come into focus for me. I will have to spend a great deal of time evaluating traffic from specific IP ranges, user agents, etc., but I know I should be able to quickly establish some rules at the DNS level that will better help me lock down the front line of my API traffic.

Right now I am just keeping my Apache log files backed up to Amazon S3 to help alleviate server load, and keep around for historical purposes. I have built a log file viewer for sifting through my API traffic, and at the moment I'm manually creating page rules in CloudFlare, but it is something I hope to automate via the CloudFlare API once I have established an awareness of the common types of rules I will be creating. Once I evolve to this point I will write about again, and hopefully talk more about how API access to the logging for my API traffic, in conjunction with how API at the DNS level for my API is helping me better define and secure the frontline of my API operations.


A JSON Feed Of Critical Web Concepts To Integrate Into API Design Service And Tooling

I created a JSON feed of the web concepts and specs over at Erik Wilde's (@dret) site WebConcepts.info, so that I could easily import the specs into my Twitter and LinkedIn scheduling tools. I want to be able to schedule a tweet a day until I've exhausted all of the critical web concepts and supporting specs that Erik is showcasing in his work. Digital literacy, when it comes to these concepts, and proficiency at applying the specifications across the APIs that are driving growth in the sector is super important, so I want to help.

After I created the JSON file, Erik went ahead and crafted an official one derived from mine, but he did a nicer, and more complete job than I did. He initially only did the web concepts, but right before I was ready to publish this he did the specs edition as well. Now you can use the direct links to the JSON (or XML) in his Github repo, or fork the project and integrate directly into your platform.

I am going to get to work on some proof of concepts, and prototypes to demonstrate how I'd like to see these web concepts and specs be integrated with API design tooling and API developer portals. I'm just getting started with these thoughts but I would like to see auto-complete, tool tips, and other design time HTTP literacy solutions emerge and evolve. I hate to admit it, but many API developers and architects are probably not looking past their API design tooling and services, and the integrated development environments (IDEs) they depend on each day when it comes to their web literacy. Erik's hard work to showcase these building blocks of the web is a great start, and I hope provides us all with some essential curriculum that we can deliver straight to developers, where they are already working.


I Am Keeping My Mind Open And Looking Forward To Learning More About GraphQL

I wrote a post the other day sharing my thoughts around GraphQL seeming like we were avoiding the hard work of API design. Shortly after publishing Sashko Stubailo (@stubailo) from Apollo, a GraphQL solution provider, wrote a very thoughtful response to me comments and questions about GraphQL. First I wanted to say that I really dig this approach to responding to other people's blog posts, with a blog post of your own, within your own personal or company domain.

I don't think Sashko has convinced me 100% that GraphQL is the solution we are looking for, but he has convinced me that I should be learning more about it, keeping a closer eye on the technology, and better understand how people are putting it to use.

Regarding my primary question regarding how GraphQL could benefit non-technical folks and end-users--I would say he answered it 50% of the way:

I’m a frontend developer. GraphQL makes my life easy.

It doesn't touch on whether or not non-technical users will be able to reverse engineer and put it to work for them, but that's ok for now. One thing that Sashko touched on for me, that move GraphQL closer to being simple enough for non-technical users, is he helped differentiate GraphQL from SQL:

GraphQL is a query language, like SQL? While GraphQL looks like a query language at first, I think its name might be one of the things that gets people off on the wrong foot. GraphQL is not at all like SQL...So GraphQL is a “query language” just like URLs are the “query language” of REST—it’s a contract that describes how to tell the API server what you’re looking for.

I like the separation from "structured" query language, and moving us to something that augments HTTP and the URL, and doesn't just tunnel into the backend database. This has the potential to move REST forward, not drag the database out front for me--which leaves me more hopeful.

Another area Sashko answered for me was regarding GraphQL seeming like it was too hard:

This is a very real concern whenever a new technology is introduced. Is this going to make stuff more complicated for everyone who isn’t in the know? 

Fair enough. Makes me happy to hear this from a service provider who is leading the charge when it comes to GraphQL. His stance seems like it is pragmatic, and aware of the importance that GraphQL needs to be accessible to as wide as possible audience as we can--building on the momentum REST has in this area.

What really pushed away my concern, and got me more interested in paying more attention to GraphQL was when Sashko talked about this just being the beginning:

The most exciting thing to me is that GraphQL has been publicly available for barely more than a year, and already a huge number of people I respect for their technical abilities and design thinking are trying to figure out ways to add it to their architecture. 

Ok. Now I want to see where this goes. I've been tracking on GraphQL as a subset of my data API research, but will spend some extra cycles each week keeping an eye who is doing anything interesting with GraphQL. I've added Apollo to my research, and I will work on a roundup of other providers, and any open source tooling I can find out there. I also wanted to thank Sashko for taking the time to answer some of my questions, and respond to my uncertainty around GraphQL. I dig it when API service providers and API providers provide responses to my storytelling on API Evangelist--makes for good conversation in the API community.


Be Straight Up About Internal Challenges When Hiring Your API Talent

I see an increasing number of job postings on LinkedIn and other job websites from companies who are actively seeking an API rockstar, ninja, lead, owner, or product manager, and because of my connections in the space I know that some of the intent behind them are less than sincere. Don't get me wrong, I think ALL companies should be embarking on their API journey, and if that means bringing in outside talent--get it done!

My motivation in writing this post is to help companies be more realistic during their talent search, and hiring process, as well as internally with their teams. As an IT and lead developer veteran, I have been brought in to take the reins on a number of teams and I have seen a wide range of toxic situations. I understand the internal struggles exist in all companies, but the companies that were the worst for me, were the ones where I was blindsided by the depth of the entrenchment and struggle with leadership and internal teams, either because they were in denial or were straight up bullshitting me--in hopes I might be able to wave my magic wand and just fix everything.

I've confidentially heard many stories from API product leads, and evangelists after exiting a company, or sometimes while they are still in their positions, about how entrenched internal leadership is when it comes to "innovation" and "change"--all while putting on a good show that APIs are truly the priority. I understand that companies want to look innovative, hip, agile, flexible, and all the things often associated with APIs, but bringing in API talent, only to let them hit a brick wall because they were unprepared just isn't good business.

If you are going to say that you are doing APIs, and issuing press releases, and promising your customers, partners, and internal stakeholders that you are going to do APIs, make sure you properly prepare any talent you are looking to lead the charge. I'm not saying the API journey will be easy, and you shouldn't be embarking on this journey. I am just recommending that do not go around hiring API talent, only to blindside them upon entry with entrenched, unwilling to evolve internal actors...or if this is the case just make sure you set the stage properly during the hiring process.


API Patent Search As Way To Discover Companies Who Are Doing APIs

I have been pulling all the patent applications from the USPTO for a while now. As I work to fire API Evangelist back up, I'm working to be more regular about processing these files, and track on which companies who are including the phrase "application programming interface" in their title, abstract, or full description. So far I have 23,414 API related patents from between 2005 and present day from 4,283 companies--not all of these APIs are "web APIs", but there are many that directly reference being a method for providing and consuming an API for whatever process is being defined.

  • Microsoft Corporation (2407)
  • International Business Machines Corporation (1803)
  • The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy (490)
  • Sun Microsystems, Inc. (386)
  • Amazon Technologies, Inc. (369)
  • The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army (363)
  • Intel Corporation (337)
  • Qualcomm Incorporated (306)
  • MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICENSING, LLC (298)
  • Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. (297)
  • Google Inc. (274)
  • Cisco Technology, Inc. (268)
  • Oracle International Corporation (252)
  • EMC Corporation (230)
  • SAP AG (201)
  • Silverbrook Research Pty Ltd (180)
  • Nvidia Corporation (172)
  • Canon Kabushiki Kaisha (152)
  • Apple Inc. (149)
  • Citrix Systems, Inc. (121)
  • Facebook, Inc. (120)
  • NetApp, Inc. (115)
  • Xerox Corporation (110)
  • National Instruments Corporation (109)
  • Oracle America, Inc. (107)
  • Symantec Corporation (101)
  • Adobe Systems Incorporated (101)
  • Symantec Operating Corporation (95)
  • Nokia Corporation (92)
  • Sandia Corporation (89)
  • The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force (89)
  • Yahoo! Inc. (88)
  • Research In Motion Limited (85)
  • SAP SE (81)
  • Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (80)
  • Broadcom Corporation (76)
  • Sony Corporation (74)
  • Trading Technologies International, Inc. (72)
  • Red Hat, Inc. (71)
  • Sprint Communications Company L.P. (66)
  • AT&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. (66)
  • The Mathworks, Inc. (66)
  • VMware, Inc. (66)
  • Ricoh Company, Ltd. (61)
  • Fujitsu Limited (58)
  • BLACKBERRY LIMITED (56)
  • The Johns Hopkins University (54)
  • BEA Systems, Inc. (52)
  • Autodesk, Inc. (51)
  • Hitachi, Ltd. (49)
  • BAE Systems Information and Electronic Systems Integration Inc. (49)
  • The Aerospace Corporation (47)
  • American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc. (45)
  • Lockheed Martin Corporation (45)
  • Nortel Networks Limited (45)
  • The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois (45)
  • Juniper Networks, Inc. (44)
  • Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd. (44)
  • Avaya Inc. (43)
  • eBay Inc. (43)
  • The Regents of the University of California (43)
  • Verizon Patent and Licensing Inc. (42)
  • Accenture LLP (42)
  • Harris Corporation (41)
  • Unisys Corporation (41)
  • United Technologies Corporation (41)
  • Network Appliance, Inc. (40)
  • CommVault Systems, Inc. (39)
  • Siemens Aktiengesellschaft (39)
  • Xilinx, Inc. (39)
  • Accenture Global Services Limited (38)
  • Honeywell International Inc. (38)
  • Verint Americas Inc. (38)
  • PAYPAL, INC. (38)
  • The Boeing Company (37)
  • University of South Florida (36)
  • Computer Associates Think, Inc. (35)
  • Metrologic Instruments, Inc. (35)
  • Shell Oil Company (35)
  • Alcatel Lucent (34)
  • Sharp Laboratories of America, Inc. (34)
  • Siebel Systems, Inc. (33)
  • Nuance Communications, Inc. (33)
  • Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson (publ) (33)
  • Telefonaktiebolaget L M Ericsson (Publ) (32)
  • Dell Products L.P. (32)
  • SAP Aktiengesellschaft (32)
  • Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (30)
  • Cree, Inc. (30)
  • Genentech, Inc. (30)
  • LG Electronics Inc. (29)
  • Bank of America Corporation (29)
  • AT&T Intellectual Property II, L.P. (28)
  • AOL Inc. (28)
  • Novell, Inc. (28)
  • Texas Instruments Incorporated (28)
  • Ciena Corporation (28)
  • Veritas Operating Corporation (28)
  • United Services Automobile Association (USAA) (27)
  • Sony Electronics Inc. (27)
  • salesforce.com, inc. (27)
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (27)
  • NCR Corporation (26)
  • Akamai Technologies, Inc. (26)
  • Rockwell Automation Technologies, Inc. (26)
  • Seiko Epson Corporation (25)
  • California Institute of Technology (25)
  • Siemens Communications, Inc. (25)
  • NICIRA, INC. (25)
  • The United States of America as Represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (25)
  • Nokia Technologies Oy (25)
  • McAfee, Inc. (24)
  • AT&T Mobility II LLC (24)
  • Immersion Corporation (24)
  • Lucent Technologies Inc. (24)
  • DROPBOX, INC. (24)
  • Genesys Telecommunications Laboratories, Inc. (23)
  • Intuit Inc. (23)
  • Scientific-Atlanta, Inc. (23)
  • Google Technology Holdings LLC (23)
  • Sandia National Laboratories (23)
  • Cadence Design Systems, Inc. (22)
  • Symbol Technologies, Inc. (22)
  • Cox Communications, Inc. (22)
  • General Electric Company (22)
  • Motorola, Inc. (22)
  • Georgia Tech Research Corporation (22)
  • Accenture Global Services GmbH (21)
  • Verizon Business Global LLC (21)
  • ConforMIS, Inc. (21)
  • Raytheon Company (21)
  • AT&T Corp. (21)
  • ARUBA NETWORKS, INC. (21)
  • Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. (20)
  • 3M Innovative Properties Company (20)
  • Intertrust Technologies Corp. (20)
  • Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba (20)
  • Mitutoyo Corporation (20)
  • The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy (20)
  • Hewlett Packard Enterprise Development LP (20)
  • R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company (20)
  • Thomson Licensing (19)
  • NEC Corporation (19)
  • Teamon Systems, Inc. (19)
  • Micron Technology, Inc. (19)
  • Bally Gaming, Inc. (19)
  • Teradata US, Inc. (18)
  • Sony Computer Entertainment Inc. (18)
  • Open Invention Network, LLC (18)
  • Alcatel (18)
  • Qualcomm, Incorporated (18)
  • Zynga Inc. (18)
  • Twilio, Inc. (18)
  • MicroUnity Systems Engineering, Inc. (17)
  • Panasonic Corporation (17)
  • Northwestern University (17)
  • Avid Technology, Inc. (17)
  • Ricoh Co., Ltd. (17)
  • Sprint Spectrum L.P. (17)
  • Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated (17)
  • University of Rochester (17)
  • Redknee Inc. (16)
  • Alcatel-Lucent USA Inc. (16)
  • Intertrust Technologies Corporation (16)
  • Autocell Laboratories, Inc. (16)
  • HRL Laboratories, LLC (16)
  • Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. (16)
  • THE TRUSTEES OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA (16)
  • INTEL IP CORPORATION (16)
  • Siemens Medical Solutions USA, Inc. (15)
  • TeleCommunication Systems, Inc. (15)
  • Digimarc Corporation (15)
  • AOL LLC (15)
  • Dot Hill Systems Corporation (15)
  • Silicon Graphics, Inc. (15)
  • University of Southern California (15)
  • Board of Regents, The University of Texas System (15)
  • Duke University (15)
  • UChicago Argonne, LLC (15)
  • United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army (15)
  • Hillcrest Laboratories, Inc. (15)
  • Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (14)
  • Trend Micro Incorporated (14)
  • Skyhook Wireless, Inc. (14)
  • GLOBALFOUNDRIES Inc. (14)
  • Fujifilm Corporation (14)
  • Empire Technology Development LLC (14)
  • LinkedIn Corporation (14)
  • ABBVIE INC. (14)
  • Cypress Semiconductor Corporation (13)
  • NTT DoCoMo, Inc. (13)
  • Sybase, Inc. (13)
  • Roy-G-Biv Corporation (13)
  • Whirlpool Corporation (13)
  • Impinj, Inc. (13)
  • Oracle International Corp. (13)
  • Disney Enterprises, Inc. (13)
  • The Regents of the University of Michigan (13)
  • Human Genome Sciences, Inc. (13)
  • University of Tennessee Research Foundation (13)
  • The United States of America represented by the Secretary of the Navy (13)
  • Tilera Corporation (12)
  • Invensys Systems, Inc. (12)
  • IGT (12)
  • Seagate Technology LLC (12)
  • Visa International Service Association (12)
  • Phoenix Solutions, Inc. (12)
  • Habanero Holdings, Inc. (12)
  • Fortinet, Inc. (12)
  • Openwave Systems Inc. (12)
  • University of Utah Research Foundation (12)
  • Qwest Communications International Inc. (12)
  • Qualcomm Inc. (12)
  • America Online, Inc. (12)
  • Nant Holdings IP, LLC (12)
  • STC.UNM (12)
  • The Nielsen Company (US), LLC (12)
  • Palm, Inc. (11)
  • InterDigital Technology Corporation (11)
  • Siemens Enterprise Communications, Inc. (11)
  • Exbiblio B.V. (11)
  • A9.Com, Inc. (11)
  • Virginia Tech Intellectual Properties, Inc. (11)
  • The Invention Science Fund I, LLC (11)
  • Trading Technologies International Inc. (11)
  • AT&T Intellectual Property I, LP (11)
  • Agilent Technologies, Inc. (11)
  • iAnywhere Solutions, Inc. (11)
  • WIPRO Limited (11)
  • CA, INC. (11)
  • BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA (11)
  • Drexel University (11)
  • Ford Global Technologies, LLC (11)
  • Vixs Systems, Inc. (11)
  • QUALCOMM, Inc. (11)
  • MicroStrategy Incorporated (11)
  • Silicon Storage Technology, Inc. (10)
  • BGC Partners, Inc. (10)
  • Emulex Design & Manufacturing Corporation (10)
  • Diebold Self-Service Systems division of Diebold, Incorporated (10)
  • QLOGIC, Corporation (10)
  • Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. (10)
  • American Megatrends, Inc. (10)
  • United States Postal Service (10)
  • Landmark Graphics Corporation (10)
  • Infineon Technologies AG (10)
  • Cingular Wireless II, LLC (10)
  • Western Digital Technologies, Inc. (10)
  • United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy (10)
  • Open Text S.A. (10)
  • Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (10)
  • The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of the Army (10)
  • Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. (10)
  • Splunk Inc. (10)
  • Futurewei Technologies, Inc. (10)
  • Cellco Partnership (10)
  • Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd (10)
  • TracBeam LLC (9)
  • The DIRECTV Group, Inc. (9)
  • Rockwell Collins, Inc. (9)
  • Fannie Mae (9)
  • Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC (9)
  • Sony Electronics, Inc. (9)
  • Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. (9)
  • Schlumberger Technology Corporation (9)
  • Thomson Licensing S.A. (9)
  • Sonic Solutions, A California Corporation (9)
  • Trimble Navigation Limited (9)
  • Accenture, LLP (9)
  • SAS Institute Inc. (9)
  • ClearCube Technology, Inc. (9)
  • MobiTV, Inc. (9)
  • AirWatch LLC (9)
  • TENCENT TECHNOLOGY (SHENZHEN) COMPANY LIMITED (9)
  • The Trustees of Columbia University In the City of New York (9)
  • Sumitomo Metal Mining Co., Ltd. (9)
  • Medtronic, Inc. (9)
  • Abbott Laboratories (9)
  • FireEye, Inc. (9)
  • Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Limited (9)
  • Time Warner Cable Inc. (8)
  • BMC Software, Inc. (8)
  • Tango Networks, Inc. (8)
  • Case Western Reserve University (8)
  • Storage Appliance Corporation (8)
  • Gracenote, Inc. (8)
  • Pixar (8)
  • The Research Foundation of State University of New York (8)
  • Lenovo (Singapore) Pte. Ltd. (8)
  • adidas AG (8)
  • Shoretel, Inc. (8)
  • Amdocs Software Systems Limited (8)
  • Aloft Media, LLC (8)
  • Dell Products, LP (8)
  • Fisher-Rosemount Systems, Inc. (8)
  • Security First Corporation (8)
  • Fair Isaac Corporation (8)
  • ATI Technologies, Inc. (8)
  • Eastman Kodak Company (8)
  • Toshiba Tec Kabushiki Kaisha (8)
  • Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. (8)
  • Altera Corporation (8)
  • Nintendo Co., Ltd. (8)
  • Adaptec, Inc. (8)
  • Apple Computer, Inc. (8)
  • BellSouth Intellectual Property Corp. (8)
  • Tangis Corporation (8)
  • United Devices, Inc. (8)
  • University of Maryland, Baltimore (8)
  • Carnegie Institution of Washington (8)
  • The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University (8)
  • President and Fellows of Harvard College (8)
  • U.S. Department of Energy (8)
  • BASF SE (8)
  • Security First Corp. (8)
  • YAHOO JAPAN CORPORATION (8)
  • Level 3 Communications, LLC (7)
  • Computer Sciences Corporation (7)
  • Robert Bosch GmbH (7)
  • TVWORKS, LLC (7)
  • Network Resonance, Inc. (7)
  • eBay, Inc. (7)
  • CFPH, LLC (7)
  • Motorola Solutions, Inc. (7)
  • LSI Corporation (7)
  • Check Point Software Technologies, Inc. (7)
  • Microsoft Corp. (7)
  • British Telecommunications public limited company (7)
  • EDSA Micro Corporation (7)
  • Covia Labs, Inc. (7)
  • University of Washington (7)
  • AOL LLC, a Delaware Limited Liability Company (7)
  • S2 Technologies, Inc. (7)
  • Restaurant Services, Inc. (7)
  • University of Kentucky Research Foundation (7)
  • The Curators of the University of Missouri (7)
  • Isilon Systems, Inc. (7)
  • The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (7)
  • DEKA Products Limited Partnership (7)
  • Ricoh Company, Limited (7)
  • The General Hospital Corporation (7)
  • R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company (7)
  • HERE Global B.V. (7)
  • ABL IP HOLDING LLC (7)
  • Time Warner Cable Enterprises LLC (7)
  • PARADE TECHNOLOGIES, LTD. (7)
  • SanDisk Corporation (6)
  • Synopsys, Inc. (6)
  • Crossroads Systems, Inc. (6)
  • Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. (6)
  • Verint Systems Inc. (6)
  • Morgan Stanley (6)
  • Stubhub, Inc. (6)
  • Netezza Corporation (6)
  • Navteq North America, LLC (6)
  • Sierra Wireless, Inc. (6)
  • Honda Motor Co., Ltd. (6)
  • Marvell International Ltd. (6)
  • Dialogic Corporation (6)
  • Gravic, Inc. (6)
  • Sony Deutschland GmbH (6)
  • Rain Bird Corporation (6)
  • Silicon Graphics International (6)
  • Sony Computer Entertainment America LLC (6)
  • GameLogic Inc. (6)
  • TP Lab, Inc. (6)
  • Palantir Technologies, Inc. (6)
  • Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd. (6)
  • Renesas Technology Corp. (6)
  • MKS Instruments, Inc. (6)
  • ITT Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc. (6)
  • Trek 2000 International Ltd. (6)
  • Dell Products, L.P. (6)
  • West Corporation (6)
  • Cassatt Corporation (6)
  • Sedna Patent Services, LLC (6)
  • Copyright Clearance Center, Inc. (6)
  • William Marsh Rice University (6)
  • VECTORsgi, Inc. (6)
  • ZiLOG, Inc. (6)
  • BeVocal, Inc. (6)
  • Capital One Financial Corporation (6)
  • Advantest America R&D Center, Inc. (6)
  • BellSouth Intellectual Property Corporation (6)
  • NCR Corp. (6)
  • Cognio, Inc. (6)
  • Incipient, Inc. (6)
  • MCI, Inc. (6)
  • Battelle Memorial Institute (6)
  • SRI International (6)
  • Machine Zone, Inc. (6)
  • InterDigital Patent Holdings, Inc. (6)
  • Algebraix Data Corporation (6)
  • Palo Alto Investors (6)
  • North Carolina State University (6)
  • DePuy Products, Inc. (6)
  • Shin-Etsu Polymer Co., Ltd. (6)
  • 3SAE Technologies, Inc. (6)
  • The Trustees of Princeton University (6)
  • Philip Morris USA Inc. (6)
  • Verint Americas, Inc. (6)
  • University of Pittsburgh (6)
  • priceline.com Incorporated (6)
  • Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. (6)
  • Schering Corporation (6)
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University (6)
  • ACTIFIO, INC. (6)
  • Jasper Technologies, Inc. (6)
  • SANDISK TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (6)
  • Joingo, LLC (6)
  • The Florida State University Research Foundation, Inc. (6)
  • Interactive Memories Inc. (6)
  • Sony Interactive Entertainment America LLC (6)
  • SNAPin Software Inc. (5)
  • SanDisk IL Ltd. (5)
  • Hyperion Solutions Corporation (5)
  • Microsoft Corproation (5)
  • ZTE Corporation (5)
  • SellerBid, Inc. (5)
  • Round Rock Research, LLC (5)
  • Activcard Ireland, Limited (5)
  • General Instrument Corporation (5)
  • ARM Limited (5)
  • MarkMonitor Inc. (5)
  • Verdasys, Inc. (5)
  • Axeda Corporation (5)
  • Rose Blush Software LLC (5)
  • DPHI Acquisitions, Inc. (5)
  • Giesecke & Devrient GmbH (5)
  • The University of North Carolina (5)
  • Solarflare Communications, Inc. (5)
  • Primal Fusion Inc. (5)
  • The Procter & Gamble Company (5)
  • Aventail LLC (5)
  • Raytheon BBN Technologies Corp. (5)
  • Brocade Communications Systems, Inc. (5)
  • Exent Technologies, Ltd. (5)
  • Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc. (5)
  • A10 Networks, Inc. (5)
  • NVIDIA International, Inc. (5)
  • Ricoh Company Limited (5)
  • Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha (5)
  • Carnegie Mellon University (5)
  • IronPort Systems, Inc. (5)
  • Wind River Systems, Inc. (5)
  • Softricity, Inc. (5)
  • OP40, Inc. (5)
  • iRise (5)
  • Northrop Grumman Corporation (5)
  • Garmin Ltd. (5)
  • Industrial Technology Research Institute (5)
  • Siemens Medical Solutions Health Services Corporation (5)
  • The John Hopkins University (5)
  • FusionOne, Inc. (5)
  • Walker Digital, LLC (5)
  • Ixreveal, Inc. (5)
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  • ATERNITY INFORMATION SYSTEMS LTD. (1)
  • STORSIMPLE, INC. (1)
  • Infosys Technologies, Ltd. (1)
  • NEURA, INC. (1)
  • WGRS LICENSING COMPANY, LLC (1)
  • ID DATAWEB, INC. (1)
  • Anonyome Labs, Inc. (1)
  • Worcester Polytechnic Institute (1)
  • Winshuttle, LLC (1)
  • Codebroker, LLC (1)
  • ThinCI, Inc. (1)
  • TRANSPARENT WIRELESS SYSTEMS, LLC (1)
  • Motio, Inc. (1)
  • Jackpot Rising Inc. (1)
  • SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC IT CORPORATION (1)
  • Fender Musical Instruments Corporation (1)
  • Mercury Kingdom Assets Limited (1)
  • ISLAND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, LLC (1)
  • BroadSoft, Inc. (1)
  • AOL Advertising Inc. (1)
  • WHATSAPP INC. (1)
  • NOBLE SYSTEMS CORPORATION (1)
  • Language Line Services, Inc. (1)
  • ALL REST TECHNOLOGIES LLP (1)
  • LENSAR, LLC (1)
  • Tangent Reprofiling Limited (1)
  • The University of British Columbia (1)
  • SurModics, Inc. (1)
  • King Saud University (1)
  • ST. UNM (1)
  • MesoCoat Inc. (1)
  • JNC PETROCHEMICAL CORPORATION (1)
  • IT-IS International Limited (1)
  • ADVANCED LIQUID LOGIC, INC (1)
  • Roche Molecular Systems, Inc. (1)
  • TIGO ENERGY, INC. (1)
  • NETTAPP, INC. (1)
  • Micosoft Technology Licensing, LLC (1)
  • Cylance Inc. (1)
  • COGNIZANT TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS INDIA PVT. LTD. (1)
  • Societal Innovations IPCO Limited (1)
  • Advanced Elemental Technologies, Inc. (1)
  • Springpath, Inc. (1)
  • PMDA SERVICES PTY LTD (1)
  • Veeam Software AG (1)
  • VIOLIN MEMORY INC. (1)
  • TPLA LAB, INC. (1)
  • VCVC III LLC (1)
  • faceshift AG (1)
  • D2L CORPORATION (1)
  • Infineon Technologies Americas Corp. (1)
  • The Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama (1)
  • Avay Inc. (1)
  • SPOTIFY AB (1)
  • JSC Yukon Advanced Optics Worldwide (1)
  • Insitu, Inc. (1)
  • VERINT SYSTEMS LTD. (1)
  • AirHop Communications, Inc. (1)
  • CommScope Technologies LLC (1)
  • AF CHEMICALS LLC (1)
  • Kineta One, LLC (1)
  • FZIOMED, INC (1)
  • Baxter Healthcare S.A. (1)
  • Diabetomics, Inc. (1)
  • The United States of America as represented by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Dept. of Justice (1)
  • LG CHEM, LTD. (1)
  • Radial, Inc. (1)
  • SandDisk Technologies LLC (1)
  • Mattel, Inc. (1)
  • CLEARCENTER, CORP. (1)
  • VIOLIN MEMORY (1)
  • Release Consulting Limited (1)
  • LG CNS CO., LTD. (1)
  • Exigen Properties, Inc. (1)
  • POSTECH ACADEMYu2014INDUSTRY FOUNDATION (1)
  • Boomerang Technology Holdings, LLC (1)
  • Aria Solutions, Inc. (1)
  • Yahoo! (1)
  • Thwapr, Inc. (1)
  • STATE FARM MUTUAL AUTOMONILE INSURANCE COMPANY (1)
  • Ikanos Communications, Inc. (1)
  • UBiQOMM, INC. (1)
  • UTHERVERSE DIGITAL, INC. (1)
  • Raketu Communications, Inc. (1)
  • Blab, Inc. (1)
  • CIZION (1)
  • Speaktoit, Inc. (1)
  • Kofax, Inc. (1)
  • PERSONIFY, INC. (1)
  • Espial Group Inc. (1)
  • Good Egg Media LLC (1)
  • Phibro Animal Health Corp. (1)
  • The Hospital For Sick Children (1)
  • Loma Linda University (1)
  • Leidos, Inc. (1)
  • Road-IQ, LLC (1)
  • Toyota Motor Corporation (1)
  • GENEWEAVE BIOSCIENCES, INC. (1)
  • New West Technologies, LLC (1)
  • AIL RESEARCH INC. (1)
  • ZERTO LTD. (1)
  • Zettar, Inc. (1)
  • INTROSPEX, INC. (1)
  • Reversinglabs Corporation (1)
  • FOURSQUARE LABS, INC. (1)
  • ZEPHYR HEALTH, INC. (1)
  • Flow Search Corp. (1)
  • Reid Consulting Group, Inc. (1)
  • LexisNexis, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. (1)
  • Monolith Innovations LLC (1)
  • ZEROFOOTPRINT SOFTWARE INC. (1)
  • Lemon, Inc. (1)
  • JAVELIN DIRECT INC. (1)
  • PHARMA-SMART INTERNATIONAL, INC. (1)
  • ClearOne Inc. (1)
  • SANMINA CORPORATION (1)
  • Infinite Convergence Solutions, Inc (1)
  • VERIZON DIGITAL MEDIA SERVICES INC. (1)
  • VEEVA SYSTEMS, INC. (1)
  • Control4 Corporation (1)
  • Zoosk, Inc. (1)
  • Movirtu Limited (1)
  • FOREST SAFETY PRODUCTS LIMITED (1)
  • Koning Corporation (1)
  • Dresden University of Technology (1)
  • Quintessence Biosciences, Inc. (1)
  • SAREPTA THERAPEUTICS, INC. (1)
  • University of Akron (1)
  • VIA ALLIANCE SEMICONDUCTOR CO., LTD. (1)
  • Oce Printing Systems GmbH & Co. KG (1)
  • PLUMGRID, INC. (1)
  • Orange (1)
  • IP RESERVOIR, LLC (1)
  • CUMULUS SYSTEMS, INC. (1)
  • Codex Corporation (1)
  • ABB Research Ltd. (1)
  • BOMEANS INDUSTRIAL INC. (1)
  • Wochit, Inc. (1)
  • ClipMine, Inc. (1)
  • TOSOH CORPORATION (1)
  • RADEUM, INC. (1)
  • Waldeck Technology LLC (1)
  • Illumio, Inc. (1)
  • NTRUST TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS CORP. (1)
  • Elastic Path Software, Inc. (1)
  • Beco, Inc. (1)

I will be added all 4,283 of these companies to my API monitoring system, keeping an eye out on their website, blog, and their Twitter and Github profiles for anything API. Along with process press releases for API.report, I am thinking that patent applications will become a fruitful way for finding companies who are doing APIs, but might not be that good at actually showcasing it on their sites. It seems that many companies feel that APIs are important enough to mention in a press release, and file patents for, but don't always see them as valuable enough to showcase on their website.

Many of these APIs are hardware, networking, and non-web APIs, but with the way the Internet of Things is going, if these companies are doing APIs of any shape or size, it is likely they will be doing web APIs as well. It is kind of a dark way to keep a pulse on the API space, and not the way I'd prefer to be doing it, but I want to make sure I am aware of all things APIs, especially the shit that is going on in the shadows.


After Looking Through 23414 API Patents I Think It Will Just Come Down To Who Litigates

After looking through the 23,414 API related patents from between 2005 and present day from 4,283 companies, it is clear that the API patent game will be all about which companies decide to litigate using their "intellectual property". There is definitely a lot of education that could occur across all industries where these patents will be put to work, and hopefully we can see some reforms at the USPTO regarding how important it is to the economy that the APIs themselves to remain open and reusable, but I think that ultimately the world of API patents will be hammered out in courts across the United States, and other countries around the world.

While I'm not a fan of the concept of the patent, especially when they are applied to algorithms and abstract ideas, I cannot intelligently argue for companies to not patent the "process that occurs behind the API" (at the moment), however I feel pretty strongly that it is pretty critical that the concept of the API should be left out of the process. At the moment I'm just not knowledgeable enough on the whole software patent world to know what the hell I am talking about, which is why I have my API patent research to help me evolve my awareness and understanding and strengthen my position.

To compliment my patent research, I am going to start pulling any court cases for the 4,283 companies who have filed API related patents across 471 jurisdictions in the United States using the CourtListener API, so that I can identify any potential litigation that involves their patent portfolio. Like the other 75 areas of the API universe that I keep an eye on, I'll just keep watching the patent applications, profiling the companies who are filing them, and see who has the most API patents, and most importantly the ones who are actually using these patents in a court of law.


23K Patent Applications With API References Since 2005

I am working to organize the 23,414 API related patents from between 2005 and present day, submitted by 4,283 companies--present in my API patent research. Not all of these APIs are "web APIs", but I think each companies portfolio tells a lot of what they are doing with APIs, their motivations behind, and is also a reflection on the overall state of the industry.

To help me better understand the growth in API related patents I'm slicing and dicing the data, and publishing in different ways--I recently dumped the number of patents by year and published as a D3.js bar chart.

It is pretty depressing to see the growth in patent applications that mention "application programming interface". I'm not sure what this means, but I know it can't be good for making the web work. I'll keep slicing and dicing things, and see if I can keep deriving any meaning from it all. I'm thinking I will publish each companies patent portfolio by itself, as I work to profile each company to see what they are up to with APIs.


Why Do Companies Who Ask Me To Update Their Logo Never Have Branding Page?

When processing the news for API.Report, and the over 150 areas of my API industry research, I spend a good deal of time looking for images to represent my stories, and the companies I'm covering. When looking for an image to best represent a company I always search google for "[company name] logo branding", and look for an official branding and logo guidelines page for a company--secondarily I switch over the image search if there is no official page available.

After a blog post, news piece, or research update goes live, I will sometimes receive a DM or email from a company asking me to update the logo, to a newer option than what I found via a Google search. I'm always happy to update the logo, and since my images are centrally stored on Amazon S3 it is pretty easy to do so. What I find interesting is that every company who actively polices their brand in this way never have an easy to find branding and logo area for their company and API operations.

 I fully understand the need to police your brand and make sure your company's logo is represented in the best light, but what I don't understand is why they don't have a self-service branding area to help empower folks like me to do this on their own. It just seems like a lot of extra work that is unecessary or at least is something that you could minimize by providing a dedicated page where folks like me can find the most recent copy of your logo. 


The Sustained API Storytelling Assault On The Banking Industry

After monitoring the tech space, and specifically the API space for six years now I really have feel for how stories are used try incite change in a variety of industries. There are many different waves of storytelling out of companies and tech blogs, which in the moment might seem like reality, but if you wait a month or two the topics run out of steam and go away--very few are sustained unless there is something really there there.

Many companies are just throwing spaghetti at the wall to see what will resonate with the tech blogs, and their readers. Unless you monitor ALL the blogs like I do, you most often won't see these trends as being seeded by specific companies, VCs, and those looking to see what sticks. I've seen topics like quantified-self evolve into wearables, waves of database to API solutions come and go, check-in API platforms like Foursquare lose their allure, and concepts like BaaS and open government data fall from grace.

It can be hard to tell if these things were just momentary trends if they were propped up through investment and storytelling, or like open government data, BaaS, and database to API solutions, continue their usage, but just aren't cool for tech blogs and other folks to talk about anymore. One of these areas I can't quite figure out is in the area of banking APIs, which seems to have legs, but most of the time it just seems like a sustained API storytelling assault on the banking industry from outside forces.

There are usually 3-5 stories a week that I come across talking about the importance of API transformation in the banking industries and how banks face becoming irrelevant if they don't embrace--clearly stories from those trying to change the industry. I see evidence of roots developing, because of the regulation put in motion by the UK, but I see still don't see much evidence that banks really give a shit about any of this.

When I look at the list of largest banks in the United States on Wikipedia, the only one doing APIs in an organized way, that stands out for me, is Capital One. At this point, I'm guessing the sustained assault on the industry is coming from the waves of banking and fintech startups? IDK. If this is all seeded by the banking layer to the fintech (r)evolution, it seems more sustained than other industries I've tracked on--usually, they run out of steam after a couple of months. I'd be curious to hear people's thoughts on the API evolution in the banking industry. Are banks actually giving a nod to the concept? Or are they just going to be weathering this assault, knowing they have the resources to do business on their terms?


Mapping Your Social Media Footprint As Part Of Your API Security Strategy

Profiling the social media footprint of API related companies is what I do for a living. If you are doing something mildly interesting with an API I will add your Twitter, and Github accounts to my database. I will also go through Twitter, LinkedIn, and Github looking for all your employees and profile them. This is how I monitor the world of APIs, by profiling, and staying in tune with the companies, and what their employees are up to.

While immersed in some "dark reading" I was pleasantly surprised to see "identify your organization’s social media footprint (companies, accounts, and key individuals)", as the top item on the list of things you can do to "shore up their social media and network defenses". This concept is a no-brainer for me, but I wonder how many companies actually have an up to date map of their companies social media footprint? If they are savvy they have this in place, as well as established for all of their competitors. #SmartStrategy

It is easy to think of security in purely a technical sense, DNS, servers, and software, but as the world of shadow IT and social media has become common in every company, institution, and government agency, how many companies are actively mapping out this landscape, and proactively working to secure it? As a tech professional who runs my own business I actively work to define ALL the online services I use, not just the social media ones--it just makes good business sense.


Making Web Concepts and Specs Present As Real Time Help In API Design Tooling

I took the Github repository for Erik Wilde's (@dret) Web Concepts work and forked it, then generated some JSON which I could use to import into my API monitoring system. I've been manually adding specs to my Tweet and LinkedIn scheduling system, but I keep forgetting to go back to the site and add more entries. So I wanted to go ahead and import all the concepts and specs, and schedule out the tweets and LinkedIn posts for everything, over the next couple months.

First I generated the JSON for the concepts:

Then I generated the JSON for the specs:

I left out the relationships between the concepts and specs, as I will just be linking to Web Concepts, and let people explore for themselves. As I was looking through the JSON I got me thinking about why these concepts and specs aren't available in API design tooling, as helpers and tooltips, so that API designers and architects can learn from them and be reminded in real time--as they are crafting their APIs. 

It seems like there should be autocomplete for HTTP header fields, and for HTTP status codes, and other relevant items as they are needed. There is a wealth of web literacy available in Erik's work, and across the web concepts and specs he has organized, it seems like these should be available by default within API design services and tooling, and start being baked into IDEs like Atom, Eclipse, and Visual Studio--maybe they already are, and I'm just unaware.


API Design Skills Required For Cyber Intelligence and Counter Intelligence

It is hard for me to track on everything in the API space as a one man show, but one thing I keep an eye on, but rarely add to my research (yet) are the increasing number of job postings I come across that have an API focus. An interesting one this week, which follows a new vein in the API space that I'm mining, is out of the applied science technology research organization Battelle.

They have an interesting job posting for a cyber computer scientist with Battelle’s Cyber Innovation Unit (CIU) providing "a broad range of products and services including Cyber Intelligence and Counter Intelligence, Cyber Research and Development and Fundamental Science, On­site Advisory Services, and Mission Focused tools including Embedded Systems Reverse Engineering." 

What brought the job posting up on my radar is one of the responsibilities being for "data APIs", and a requirement (mentioned twice) for having API design skills. The role APIs are playing in the areas of cyber security, cyber intelligence, and apparently "cyber innovation" is why I recently added cybersecurity as a research area to my API monitoring stack. It's not that APIs are being hacked, it is that they are being used for research, analysis, collaboration, communication, and other layers of the cybersecurity theater.

If I keep coming across interesting job postings like this I may have to start tracking on API jobs more, as the overall volume of API jobs that are coming across my radar is increasing, but also the interestingness is also trending upward significantly. 



Why APIs Are Just The Next Step Of The Web And Not The Latest Trend

I am always amazed at the amount of hype, rhetoric, and FUD that is stirred up by analysts, vendors, and the tech blogosphere when it comes to APIs. APIs are the next big wave in vendor solutions! APIs are going away because of bots! People love to build them up to be something they are not, something which I mostly blame vendors, venture capital investment, and the analysts and tech blogosphere for stirring this pot to meet their objectives.

To help cut through the BS, I like to always have a basic demonstration of what an API is handy, and its relationship to the web, in hopes that I will educate the muggles (my new word--thanks @caseysoftware), and balance the BS scales a bit as we go along. To help do this I wanted to provide you with three types of common resources that you find on the web, each with four basic ways of representing them using web technology.

All three of these resources are available at a demonstration website I have set up at website.apievangelist.com, with each resource available in their respective folders /blog, /products, and /services. Using the links below you can click on the different representations of each on, and the results should show in the text area below.

The only technology driving this is the basic website setup on a simple Linux (Fedora) web server, running Apache to deliver the website--nothing else. The only difference between a website and API is that a website returns HTML meant for humans, and API (representations) return XML, JSON, RSS, meant for other applications and systems--that is ALL. There is no vendor voodoo, it is just about returning the same information, but meant for use in other websites, mobile applications, systems integrations, and increasingly device based solutions.

The FUD I hear about APIs going away, or just being a trend always make me chuckle. These claims always sound just like the folks who used to tell me in 1998 and 1999 about the web being a fad--what do these claims sound like in 2016? Is delivering HTML to humans going away, any more so than delivering JSON to mobile devices, or IoT devices? What will go away and change are people's delusions around open APIs, and specific vendor and VC centric views on what is API--not delivering machine-readable representations of data, content, media, and algorithms that are already driving the human web experience.

Once you realize that an API is just the next step in the evolution of the web, and is about negotiating exactly the representation of a digital resource that you desire--you will begin to see things a little differently. When you see APIs as the web, and not as any particular API provider, or service providers vision of API, you will find the world looks a lot different, and that APIs aren't going anywhere--no matter what they are called in future iterations. The will always be programmatic interfaces meant for other applications.


Treating New API Startups Like The Companies They Will Become

I get a number of eager new entrepreneurs contacting me, looking for wisdom and insight about the API space. I've always worked to make myself accessible to people who are looking for knowledge around what is possible with APIs, and what is happening across the API space. Sadly, after six years and watching many companies come and go, I'm slowly changing this practice when it comes to startups.

I have always been open with my knowledge on the space, and happy to schedule time for a gHangout or Skype call with each wave of new API startups, but after watching many of them grow up, get more funding, find their exits, acquisitions, and failures--I just can't keep doing it in good conscious. In my experience, only about 5% of these companies actually care about the space, their customers, and the rest are only focused on their own success and the success of their investors.

Most of these entrepreneurs do not understand the damage to the wider community that their selfish focus brings. My requests to give back to the community in the form of open API designs patterns, open source software, storytelling, and supporting conversations like @APIStrat often go right over their head. Usually, they talk with me 2 or 3 times, get what they need, and go away without ever giving back. Why would they give back to the community, if I'm so willing to just give it away--extract maximum value, and give nothing back is their belief system.

I'm sorry but APIs aren't failing us, our startup and funding models are failing us. I do not anticipate this getting any better with the recent shifts in the funding landscape, and the increased amount of attention paid by, and to the enterprise. I will continue giving via my blog, but will become much more picky about who I jump on the phone, skype, or gHangout with. I'm sorry, but if you want this to be different, you can start by working to set a different tone in the API space by giving back, sharing, and invest more in the community, and open web technologies--not just focusing on getting rich, your proprietary tech, locking up resources, profiting off your users data, and leaving everyone behind once you get yours.


The Internet of Things Is An Opportunity For API Deployment As Well As Consumption

Overall I am pretty underwhelmed by the Internet of Things. Most of the ways in which devices are being connected to the Internet are not very interesting, if not just a bad idea. Even with the overwhelming ways in which I am being underwhelmed by IoT, there are a handful of areas that I do find interesting, like industrial implementations, drones, and the general potential of the concept when you do it thoughtfully and securely.

One of the differences between IoT and the other areas that are fueling APIs in 2016 is that they can be both an API provider, as well as an API consumer. While mobile applications have historically been the biggest driver of API development, they are just API consumers, as are most websites. There is a handful of API aggregation and integration as a service providers who consumer APIs, then also provide APIs who pay this forward (sadly not all API service providers do this), but in the end, most endpoints are just consumers.

When it comes to IoT devices, this is where it gets interesting to me. These Internet-enabled devices can be both API consumers, and API providers--which I think everyone should be, but that is another dimension to this conversation. Deploying Linux, virtualized containers like Docker, and a web server on Raspberry Pi and other popular IoT devices is pretty trivial. This opens up the ability to not just send and receive data to the cloud via APIs, but also a number of possibilities for redefining the network--where APIs are not just about the current incarnation of cloud APIs.

I'm not saying that all implementations of IoT devices in this way will be interesting, but It does evolve the definition of what is possible when it comes APIs, especially when you couple this with the expanding definition of what is the network (ie. cellular, mesh, SDN, etc.). However, it does also continue expanding the attack surface area when it comes to IoT security, but I'm sure everyone is thinking deeply on this subject when it comes to evaluating whether or not a device should be connected to the network at all. ;-)


Enterprise Does Not Know (Care) How Big And Destructive It Is To APIs

I feel like the enterprise has successfully rounded up the escaped experiment that is API, and got it under control. With its size and scope it didn't really even notice APIs until 2012 or so, and once it did it quickly joined the "conversation" to make sure it wasn't left out of what the cool kids were doing. Now in 2016, if you want to get the funding you have to have enterprise customers already, and if you are doing APIs and selling to the enterprise you have to speak in their terms "microservices"--as the concept of APIs never actually got approved by legal--microservices has.

It seems like the simplicity, low cost, and user-centricity of APIs will be paved over at every turn, replacing the web in API with more vendor-friendly solutions with an HTTP facade that smiles like it's the web. The enterprise does not care about open standards, except for making sure they have joined and are sitting at the table, talking over everyone, and making sure their way of doing business is baked in--making standards less about community and more about the industry, like web services are.

I said it before, and I'll say it again. The enterprise will never get API because of the simplicity of them, the getting to know your resources, your community, and end-users does not fit with the scope and scale at which the enterprise operates. I know. I know. To get the price down, you have to do things at scale. I think this was a much truer statement before the Internet. The web can operate at "web scale", as many small nodes all working together--it doesn't require a single massive entity to operate.

I am sorry sharing and playing nicely with others isn't part of the equation at your enterprise. I would prefer it if you'd go back to your SOA ways and just leave us alone, but I understand that this will never happen now--we can never go back. You will never understand, and will never see how destructive your belief system is to this little experiment, or maybe that is the point--you want to just kill it, so you can get back to your way of doing things.


Company X's Competitive Advantage Is That They Have An API

I have been thinking about the Twilio IPO a lot lately, as it seems to be well received by the market. I am trying to be realistic about this, and work to understand how much the API thing actually has anything to do with how well investors have received the company which we all love to showcase in the API space. I would like to think the "muggles", as my friend Keith Casey (@caseysoftware) calls them, understand the competitive advantage an API brings, but I just can't quite sell myself on the fact that this is the reality.

As I'm mulling over this I am also working to get my API.Report news channel back up and running after taking a break this summer, and I'm noticing more companies are showcasing the existence of an API when talking about acquisitions, partnerships, and other market-related events. I blogged about this the previous week when FullContact acquired a company, partly due to the fact they were using their API, but it is also interesting to see APIs be wielded to also influence wider markets, not in acquisition scenarios.

I guess the increased usage of APIs as a competitive advantage for courting would-be buyers, and the wooing of general markets is a good thing. Each time it is wielded, more muggles get exposed to what an API is. The problem comes in when this is wielded for companies who do not live up to market hype or expectations, or the API really isn't even a thing--it is just wielded to make a company sound cool. I'm a little mixed on this one, and it will have to be something I will keep watching, and trying to understand what it actually means for the API space, as I generally could care less about the market performance of companies--except Twilio, I <3 Twilio.


Why I Added Cybersecurity To My API Monitoring Research

I recently added a new area of research to API Evangelist focused on cybersecurity. I added this area of research not because APIs are being used to hack systems, which does happen occasionally. I did this because I wanted to better tune into this area because APIs are being applied by all sides (are there sides?) to communicate, evaluate cybersecurity events, and spread their message--which is a significant part of what is cybersecurity.

When APIs aren't properly secured, and a breach occurs, I consider this a security topic and file it under my API security research. If something occurs in the wider global security theater, I file it under my cybersecurity research. This research doesn't always directly touch on APIs, but in many cases like the recent DNC hacks APIs are being used to analyze, study, share stories, and communicate around these often ongoing cybesecurity events.

I am seeing APIs often being used as part of the levers pulled when it comes to the theater of cybersecurity, whether its anonymous bitcoin ransom payments, Guccifer 2.0 spreading the story of a recent breach of Twitter, or researchers doing their forensic studies. As with other areas of my API monitoring, establishing a dedicated research project helps me tune in closer to what is going on, identify key actors, and better understand the role of APIs in the fast-growing world of cybersecurity.


The Ways That API Providers Are Using Twitter

I am using Twitter more like an RSS feed these days. I pull the Tweets of the companies I track on once a day, and I scan / read them (when I have time), and either curate them or mark as read. I'm not happy with the Twitter algorithm, and I'm looking to get information straight from the horse's mouth, when I want, on my terms. I cringe at the fact I'm using Twitter as an RSS / Atom feed, but it is working well for me.

I'm seeing several benefits of this approach, but one of them is getting a feel for some of the common patterns around how API providers are putting Twitter to work. So far I am seeing some pretty distinct approaches emerge:

  • Not At All - They have a Twitter account, but they rarely ever Tweet anything.
  • Sharing Their Blog Posts - They only tweet out blog posts, and often do not have RSS / Atom for their blog (grrrrrrrrr!!).
  • Sharing Other Blog Posts  - Only use Twitter as a syndication engine for what they read in the space.
  • Supporting Developers - Many Twitter accounts are just streams of support responses for the community.
  • Communication - Using it to communicate with partners, and developers, engaging in conversation with their community.

Most of the API providers I monitor only operate in one or two of these areas, with only a few who are hitting in all of these areas. I'm going to start ranking the Twitter accounts of the APIs out there, and identify the ones who are doing it well. Then I will start showcasing more of them, as the leading accounts to emulate when API providers are trying to figure out their own rhythm.

I am not perfect when it comes to Twitter and delivering in all of these areas. Recently I've stepped away from being too conversational, and I mostly share my blog posts, and those of others, more than actually engaging in conversation. This is just my personality, and also reflects the brand I'm trying to evolve into over next five years of my operations--it is helping me scale things. I do not think there will be one formula that works across the board, but if we can identify what the healthy patterns are, I think API providers will have more to consider when crafting their own strategy, and finding their own voice.


Taking A Moment To Catch Up With APIs Before Moving To Next Big Thing

Maybe with the current funding priority shifts in the tech world, and some of the push back on the startup way of life, we could pause a little bit and just let everyone catch up with their API strategy, before moving on to the next big thing. I get emails, DMs, and the occasional phone call from journalists looking for wisdom on what is next for the API space, where my answer is always, "more of what we have been doing". Sadly, my quote(s) never see the light of day--I am ok with that.

Before companies look at doing bots, internet of Things, or begin playing with any of the new shiny objects on the landscape, we should just focus on doing APIs, doing them well, and realizing the fundamental benefits they bring to the table before getting distracted (yet again). I'm guessing that all of the resource available on your websites, and in your web applications, aren't all exposed as simple APIs in a coherent way. I'm guessing there are numerous sub-projects within your API ecosystem that you could be working on to improve integrations and performance. I'm sure there are numerous things you could be doing to support, and engage your developers better.

One of the downsides of the whole tech rat race, is we are always looking to stand out by doing the next cool thing. Truly getting to know the digital resources we are exposing, rolling up our sleeves to define them better using hypermedia (invest in hypermedia!), and reaching out to our consumers isn't always the cool thing to be doing that will get us written up in Techcrunch, but they are the things that will matter in the future. Maybe we could learn from the crazy pace of the last decade and take a break in 2017, and just work on getting our house in order before we focus on anything new?